HTML Introduction and World’s First Web Page

HTML introduction

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language.

HTML uses angular brackets for the markup tags. These tags tell the computer how to display the content. Content is different from appearance.

HTML files are commonly saved with .html extension. Sometimes you will see them saved as .htm, but not as often.

The world’s first web page was written in HTML. You can see how straightforward the content is displayed. Everything you see is the default structure used by HTML, i.e., the size of the headings, the blue links. There is no styling to change the appearance, and there is no interactivity to the page. It is strictly HTML.

HTML5 is the latest industry standard for editing in HTML.

Get started fast with HTML5, this W3 Schools page is a great HTML Introduction, with an interactive example.

Get a Free Text Editor

You need a text editor to write HTML.

Here are some popular choices:

If you have Mac you can download TextWrangler.

If you use Windows you can download Notepad++ or the increasingly popular Sublime Text download. Sublime text is also available for Mac or Linux machines.

Do not use word processing software such¬†as Microsoft Word or Google Docs for writing HTML. It causes extra formatting to be put into your code, and you will end up using a text editor to get rid of it. So it’s best to choose from one of the simple text editors described above.

It’s also important to note that while HTML5 is intended to be cross browser compatible, you should still check your pages to see how they will look in other browsers. For example, you might use the popular Chrome, but someone else might use Mozilla. Always check how your page will look in different browsers. Do not expect uniformity.

 

Web Development Basics You Should Know

Web Development Basics 101

A laptop is an example of the client side of computing. The laptop is what the end-user is looking at. A mobile phone or tablet are other examples of client side.

Data centers with stacks of computers, or one high performance desktop could function as a server.

The server host pages that it can send to the client.

These computers are part of an interconnected network of computers, commonly called the internet. The world-wide web, or the web, is the information that sits on the internet. There is a difference, albeit subtle, between the two terms.

A URL is what we type in our browser to find a web page. URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator.

Our browser renders web pages so we get the full effect of seeing the links, headings, colors, images, etc.

View The Source Code

You can also view a page’s source code. This is the plain text that programmers used to edit how the page is rendered in the browser. For example, go to any web page you frequent. If you are using Chrome as your browser, click on developer tools, and then click on view source code. This will open a window with the source code. Becoming comfortable with viewing source code is an important part of web development basics.

A modern web developer should know how to display content on a page, how to make it look good, and how to make it interactive. HTML is the language used to build the structure of its page. CSS is used to style its appearance. Finally, JavaScript is used to make the page interactive.

Why You Should Use HTML5 and CSS3

HTML5 and CSS3 are the most up to date versions of the markup and styling languages. It’s important to use these versions so the web page will function well on all browsers, and on different size mobile devices. A mobile responsive site can help reduce¬†bounce rate as you increase organic traffic.

Web development basics also tell us that since a huge percentage of searches are done on mobile devices, web pages should be responsive to different screen sizes, thus providing a good user experience.

If you are ready to start learning how to code in HTML5 and CSS3, then try the free and interactive tutorials on Codecademy.